Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) is a lung disease that affects premature infants during the first few months of life. The name Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia describes what is going on inside the infant’s lungs. “Broncho” refers to the airways that lead to the lungs. “Pulmonary” refers to the air sacs where the actual work of the lungs is carried out. “Dysplasia” means abnormal growth.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia involves abnormal development of lung tissue. It is characterized by inflammation and scarring in the lungs. It develops most often in premature babies, who are born with underdeveloped lungs.


Learn About Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
American Lung Association National Headquarters
55 West Wacker Drive, Suite 1150
Chicago, IL 60601
Phone: 800-586-4872
For the local chapter call l-800-LUNG-USA

American Lung Association in Massachusetts
Serves Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont.
1661 Worcester Road Suite 301
Framingham, MA 01701
Phone: 781-890-4262

Other Information:

Kid’s Health/ for Parents

Babies who are born very early or who have breathing problems after birth are at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (brahn-ko-PUL-moh-nair-ee dis-PLAY-zhee-uh). Most infants get better with few long-term health problems, but some need intensive medical care.

What is Bronhopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)? – National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

BPD is a serious lung condition that affects newborns. Most newborns who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds at birth, and have breathing problems.

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia – American Lung Association

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a form of chronic lung disease that affects newborns. Most infants who develop BPD have been born prematurely and need oxygen therapy. Most infants recover from BPD, but some may have long-term breathing difficulties.

Fact Sheet last updated on: 2/14/2023

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